Philosophical Logic A Contemporary Introduction

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    5.5 MB

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    Routledge Taylor Francis Group MB

  • زبان فایل

    english MB

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Introductory logic is generally taught as a straightforward technical discipline In this book John MacFarlane helps the reader think about the limitations of presuppositions of and alternatives to classical first order predicate logic making this an ideal introduction to philosophical logic for any student who already has completed an introductory logic course The book explores the following questions Are there quantificational idioms that cannot be expressed with the familiar universal and existential quantifiers How can logic be extended to capture modal notions like necessity and obligation Does the material conditional adequately capture the meaning of if and if not what are the alternatives Should logical consequence be understood in terms of models or in terms of proofs Can one intelligibly question the validity of basic logical principles like Modus Ponens or Double Negation Elimination Is the fact that classical logic validates the inference from a contradiction to anything a flaw and if so how can logic be modified to repair it How exactly is logic related to reasoning Must classical logic be revised in order to be applied to vague language and if so how Each chapter is organized around suggested readings and includes exercises designed to deepen the reader s understanding

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